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Journal "Inland Water Biology"

№ 1 за 2019 год

N. S. Baturina a, *

Functional structure of river ecosystem: the retrospective of the development of contemporary Concepts (rewiew)

a Novosibirsk State University, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia

e-mail: Natalya.s.baturina@gmail.com

The object of this paper was to review the predominate concepts of stream ecology. First zonal concepts are described, conversion to continuous concepts and their after going criticism and investigation of discontinuous models of rivers. Main discrete models as alternative approach of river ecosystem organization were described. Ideas of hierarchical framework, hydrological and geomorphology conditions impact were shown at contemporary models of river system ecology

Keywords: river ecosystems, concepts.

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K. I. Prokina a, *, A. P. Mylnikov a

Centrohelid Heliozoans from Freshwater Habitats of different types South Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, Chile

a Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters, Russian Academy of Sciences, Borok, Nekouzskii raion, Yaroslavl oblast, 152742 Russia

e-mail: kristin892@mail.ru

The species composition of centrohelid heliozoans from freshwater habitats (sphagnum bog, temporary and permanent water bodies and streams) of Southern Chile was studied. Fourteen species (Acanthocystis nichollsi, A. pectinata, A. penardi, Pseudoraphidiophrys discoidea, P. formosa, P. veliformis, Raphidiophrys ovalis, Choanocystis perpusilla, Pterocystis foliacea truncata, P. pyriformis, P. quadrata, Raineriophrys erinaceoides, R. fortesca, R. pteromorphos) were observed. Two species (Acanthocystis nichollsi and Pterocystis quadrata) were recorded in Chile for the first time. Most species recorded in the Southern Chile for the first time. Electron microscopy was used to investigate the external morphology of scales. Presented morphological descriptions and micrographs of the observed scales amplify the concept of intraspecies variability and supplement diagnosis of species.

Keywords: Centrohelids, heliozoans, protists, species diversity, morphology, sphagnum bog, freshwater, South Patagonia, Tierra del Fuego, Chile.

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L. A. Medvedeva a, *, A. A. Semenchenko a, b

Structural and quantitative features of phytoperiphyton communities in the watercourses of the Zeya river basin (Amur region)

a Federal Scientific Center of the East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity of Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 690022 Vladivostok, 100-letiya Street, 159, Russia
b Far Eastern Federal University, 690950 Vladivostok, Sukhanova Street, 8, Russia

e-mail: medvedeva@ibss.dvo.ru

The results of the study on the periphyton algal community structural features of some watercourses of Zeya River basin (Amur region) are given. The species composition of dominant periphyton algae, an assessment of the structural features of algal communities and quantitative characteristics of their individual components are represented. In medium-sized watercourses the total number of algae ranged from 16.2 to 100.1 billion cells/m2 and the total biomass from 2.0 to 18.3 g/m2. In the large Zeya River algae communities had the total number 582.6 billion cells/m2, biomass from 102 to 1106 g/m2. Cyanobacteria often dominate in numbers, and the diatoms prevail in biomass. The genera Achnanthes, Fragilaria, Gomphonema, Encyonema minutum made a major contribution to the abundance. The biomass was mainly formed by Encyonema silesiacum, Hannaea arcus, Ulnaria ulna, Gomphoneis olivaceum, macrocellular species of Gomphonema.

Keywords: algae, periphyton, abundance, biomass, community structure, watercourses of the Zeya River basin.

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A. N. Efremov a, *, B. F. Sviridenko b, Ya. V. Bolotova c, C. Toma d, Yu. A. Murashko b

Coenocompleх and Ecological Features of Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle (Hydrocharitaceae) in Northern Eurasia

a Omsk State Pedagogical University, 644009 Omsk, nab. Tukhachevskogo, 14, Russia
b Surgut State University, 628412 Surgut, Tyumen oblast, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, ul. Energetikov, 22, Russia
c Amur Branch of Botanical Garden Institute of FEB Russian Academy of Sciences, 675000 Blagoveshchensk, Ignatievskoe line, 2 km, Russia
d Kazimierz Wielki University, 85–064 Bydgoszcz, ul. J.K. Chodkiewicza 30, Poland

e-mail: stratiotes@yandex.ru

Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle is a hydatophyte with disjunctive semicosmopolite range, playing a significant role in the functioning of aquatic ecosystems. The structure of a coenocompleх of this species in Northern Eurasia includes 19 associations belonging to 17 formations of the freshwater macrophyte vegetation. 91 species of hydromacrophytes were recorded as a part of the phytocoenosis with the participation of H. verticillata. Associations Hydrilla verticillata (Northern Eurasia) and Nymphaea candida− Ceratophyllum demersum + Hydrilla verticillata (Eastern Europe and Western and Central Siberia) have the widest geographical range. This paper describes the tolerance limits of H. verticillata to major abiotic factors: type of bottom soil, flow rate, trophicity, saprobity, alluviality, and content of main ions of dissolved salts and soluble forms of heavy metals in the water.In environmental terms, H. verticillata should be regarded as a freshwater alkaliphylic oligo-mesotrophic oligo-β-mesosaprobic mesoalluvialitic psammopelophyt.

Keywords: Hydrilla verticillata, Hydrocharitaceae, Northern Eurasia, coenocompleх, ecology, tolerance.

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Yu. V. Gerasimov a, *, E. S. Borisenko b, M. I. Bazarov a, I. A. Stolbunov a, A. I. Tsvetkov a

Fish distribution the middle course of large Lowland River under the effect of hydrophysical factors

a Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters, Russian Academy of Sciences, Borok, Nekouzskii raion, Yaroslavl oblast, 152742 Russia
b Institute of Ecology and Evolution A.N. Severtsov, 119071 Moscow, Leninsky pr., 33, Russia

e-mail: gu@ibiw.yaroslavl.ru

This study conducted using a horizontal-beam echo sounder investigates the spatial distribution of fish in two parts of the Hopper River. Two sections of the river (9 km long each) in a nature reserve and ouside it have been studied. Within these sections, fish densities in the river bed stretches with different degrees of meandering and depths have been compared and the effect of islands and accumulations of woody debris on fish distribution investigated. This study was carried out in late spring (high water) and fall (low water level). It is shown that during the high water period all the factors under study influence the spatial distribution of fish. As the water level drops the difference in densities of fish accumulations decreases in stretches with different degrees of meandering as well as in those with and without islands, but increases in parts of the river with different depths. The density of fish in the river section within the reserve is always higher than outside it.

Keywords: river, hydroacoustics, degree of meandering, depth, fish distribution.

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A. K. Smirnov a E. S. Smirnova a

The Final Preferred Temperature of Juvenile three-spined Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

a Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters, Russian Academy of Sciences, Borok, Nekouzskii raion, Yaroslavl oblast, 152742 Russia

e-mail: smirnov@ibiw.yaroslavl.ru

In the experimental conditions, preferred temperatures of juvenile three-spined stickleback from fresh water bodies of White Sea’s coastal region were studied. The final preferred temperatures were 15.2 °C regardless to the acclimation temperature (11, 16 and 20 °C). The increased duration of experiments (10 days) made it possible to reflect temperature selection process as a whole, rather than its individual phases. Comparison of the results with literature data revealed possible differences in the temperature characteristics, both geographically remote populations of three-spined stickleback, and between its freshwater and marine forms.

Keywords: Gasterosteus aculeatus, final preferred temperature, thermoregulatory behavior.

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E. I. Boznak a, *, A. B. Zakharov b, V. G. Tereshchenko c

The effect of increasing intensity of recreational fishing on fish assemblage in a watercourse in an Economic development zone

a Syktyvkar State University, Oktyabrskii pr., 55, Syvtyvkar, Komi Republic, 167001 Russia
b Institute of Biology, Komi Scientific Center, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences ul. Kommunisticheskaya 28, Syvtyvkar, 167982 Russia
с Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters, Russian Academy of Sciences, Borok, Nekouzskii raion, Yaroslavl oblast, 152742 Russia

e-mail: boznak06@rambler.ru

By the example of one of Timan rivers located in the zone subjected to the impact of the Middle Timan bouxite mine it is demonstrated that the first stage of its exploitation has resulted in a considerable increase in the number of recreational anglers in the nearest water bodies. As a result, the diversity of the fish population in the river has decreased. The abundance of populations of valuable fish species has also reduced and their life span has shortened to the medium age.

Keywords: fish, community, diversity, population, abundance, age structure, recreational fishing.

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S. A. Murzinaa, *, Z. A. Nefedovaa, S. N. Pekkoeva a, A. E. Veselov a, I. A. Baryshev a, P. O. Ripatti a, N. N. Nemova a

Content of Fatty Acids in Forage Objects of Juveniles of Salmonids from Rivers of Onega Lake Basin

a Institute of Biology, Karelian Research Center, the Russian Academy of Sciences, 185910 Petrozavodsk, Pushkinskaya, 11, Russia

e-mail: murzina.svetlana@gmail.com

Forage base of juveniles of salmonids (Atlantic salmon and brown trout) from six rivers of Onega Lake basin was analyzed: invertebrate organisms of 23 taxa have been identified. In the macrozoobenthos samples, the content and ratio of fatty acids of total lipids were determined. Differences in the ratio of essential 18: 3ω-3/18: 2ω-6 fatty acids were found, the ratio was higher in zoobenthos collected from “salmon” rivers than in those of “brown trout” rivers (within 1.68–2.83 and 0.44–1.08, respectively). The ratio of saturated fatty acids/polyunsaturated fatty acids (0.66–0.97 and 0.33–0.59, respectively) in the zoobenthos from “salmon” rivers was higher than in forage from the “brown trout” rivers. The content and ratio of physiologically important fatty acids in the feeding objects of young fish of salmonids have a significant effect on their growth and development.

Keywords: macrozoobenthos, Atlantic salmon, brown trout, fatty acids, rivers of Onega Lake basin.

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I. L. Golovanova a, *, A. A. Filippov a, V. V. Krylov a

Sensitivity of digestive glycosidases to heavy metals in roach Rutilus rutilus (L.) yearlings: The consequences of hypogeomagnetic conditions during the early ontogenesis

a Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters, Russian Academy of Sciences, Borok, Nekouzskii raion, Yaroslavl oblast, 152742 Russia

e-mail: golovanova5353@mail.ru

The effect of roach Rutilus rutilus (L.) embryos and prelarvae exposure to hypogeomagnetic conditions on the activity of digestive glycosidase (maltase, amylolytic activity) in juveniles and the in vitro sensitivity of the digestive glycosidase to the ions of heavy metals (Cu2+, Zn2+, Cu2+ + Zn2+, Pb2+, Cd2+, Pb2+ + Cd2+) have been studied. The sensitivity of starch-hydrolyzing enzymes, to all studied metals (in concentration 25 mg/L) and the sensitivity of maltase to Zn2+ and Pb2+ were increased in fish exposed to hypogeomagnetic conditions as embryos or prelarvae. The sensitivity of maltase to Cd2+ and Pb2+ + Cd2+ was increased in fish exposed to hypogeomagnetic conditions only as embryos. The joint effects of Cu2+ and Zn2+ (1:1) or Pb2+ + Cd2+ (1:1) on the activity of intestinal glycosidases in fish exposed to hypogeomagnetic conditions were less than the sum of effects observed in separate tests with these ions.

Keywords: roach, digestive glycosidase, hypomagnetic conditions, heavy metals, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd.

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V. V. Khalko а, E. V. Shemonaev b, c, *, E. V. Kirilenko b, N. A. Khalko a

Physiological and biochemical parameters of fingerlings of native Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch, 1792) and invasive (Perccottus glenii (Dybowski, 1877) species of Fish in the floodplain Lake Krugloye (Saratov Reservoir)


a Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Borok, Nekouzskii raion, Yaroslavl oblast, 152742 Russia
b Institute of Ecology of Volga Basin of RAS Russia, 455003 Tolyatti, ul. Komzina, 10, Russia
c Togliatti State University, Россия 445020 Tolyatti, ul. Belorusskaya, 14, Russia

e-mail: fosfolipid00@mail.ru

On the example of the Lake Krugloe (the Saratov Reservoir Mordovian floodplain) the comparative analysis of the changes in the physiological and biochemical parameters of two abundant fish species inhabiting the same biotopes is done. The fish studies are aboriginal crucian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) (Bloch, 1792) and invasive Amur sleeper (Perccottus glenii) (Dybowski, 1877). The study revealed differences between the compared species in the patterns of the dynamics of body weight and contents of protein, fat, water and caloric contents at the increase in body length during various months of the active feeding period. Potential reasons of determined differences and their consequences are discussed.

Keywords: juvenile fish, Amur sleeper, crucian carp, body length, fat, protein, water, caloric content.

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V. A. Bagirov a, Е. А. Sizova b, c, *, E. P. Miroshnikova c, I. A. Gavrish b, A. V. Konovalov d

Intestinal Microbiocenosis disorders in Danio rerio (Hamilton, 1882) and inhibition of protective mechanisms under nickel-containing nanoparticle-induced effects

a Ernst All-Russian Research Institute for Animal Husbandry, 142132 Dubrovitsy, 60, Moscow oblast, Russia
b Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agro-technologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000 Orenburg, ul. 9 Yanvarya, 29, Russia
c Orenburg State University,460013 Orenburg, Pr. Pobedy, 13, Russia
d Yaroslavl Research Institute of Livestock Husbandry and Forage Production, 150517 Mikhailovskiy, Yaroslavl region, ul. Lenina, 1, Russia

e-mail: Sizova.L78@yandex.ru

The state of the antioxidant system and the intestinal microbiocenosis in Danio rerio (Hamilton,
1822) have been studied with the use of nickel and its oxide nanoparticles released into environments. It is revealed that the nanoparticle-induced toxic effect causes oxidative stress, followed by restructuring of the intestinal microbiocenosis and inhibiting the protective mechanism. A low loading dose and a short period of exposure of the test object to the nickel nanoforms activate the antioxidant defense system of the body in response to the free radical evolution. Chronic conditions and high doses exhaust the antioxidant system under the effect of free-radical hyperproduction during oxidative stress. A change in the microorganism species
diversity is ascertained; for instance, Rhodobacter and Methylobacterium replace Citrobacter and Enterobacter, respectively, with the introduction of the nickel oxide nanoparticles, while Bacillus, Acinetobacter, and Rhodobacter replacement occurs with the introduction of nickel nanoparticles. Therefore, the transient microorganisms tend to replace the normal intestinal flora. An increase in the environmental total amount of nickel in the nanoparticle form results in its accumulation in the body of hydrobionts under the effect of the induction of chronic conditions.

Keywords: Danio rerio, survival, intestinal microbiocenosis, catalase, superoxide dismutase, nickel and nickel oxide nanoparticles.

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V. P. Andreev a, *, Zh. V. Plakhotskaya a

Comparative Analysis of Copper and Cadmium Accumulation by Macrophytes of the Chupa Inlet, Kandalaksha Bay, White Sea

a Kirov Military-Medical Academy, 194044 Saint-Petersburg, ul. Akad. Lebedeva, 6, Russia

e-mail: vpandreev@mail.ru

It was studied the content of dry matter, copper (Cu) and cadmium (Cd) in five species of brown algae and one species of higher plants in the six collection points samples of the Chupa inlet of the Kandalaksha Bay of the White sea. The single natural geochemical background types, similar to systematic position, variation in the content of Cu and Cd are found. A simple functional relationship between the dry matter content and metals could not be established. The signs of influence of Cu on accumulation of CD are revealed only at rather high content of Cu. The most effective storage Cu and Cd are the species in the family Fucaceae. The minimum content of Cd is found in the leaves of Triglochin maritimum.

Keywords: copper, cadmium, brown algae, Fucales, Laminariales, Triglochin maritimum, dry substance, bioaccumulation, heavy metals.

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А. V. German a, *

Disturbance of the Synchronous of Oocyte Development in the Bream Abramis brama L. from the Rybinsk Reservoir

a Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters, Russian Academy of Sciences, Borok, Nekouzskii raion, Yaroslavl oblast, 152742 Russia

e-mail: gera@ibiw.yaroslavl.ru

The seasonal dynamics of bream oocytes has been studied. It is shown that asynchronicity of oocyte development in most bream specimens causes the formation of the second batch of eggs. The number of eggs in the second batch varies significantly and is, in most cases, insufficient for repeat spawning.

Keywords: bream, oocytes, asynchronous development.

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